Scales

 

     There are many different types of scales. They are the backbone of music.

     A major scale is a series of 8 consecutive notes that use the following pattern of half and whole steps

 

W W  W W W

 

     Minor Scales come in three forms: Natural, Melodic, and Harmonic.

     Natural Minor scales use the following pattern of half and whole steps

 

W  W W  W W

     Melodic Minor scales ascend and use the following pattern of half and whole steps. When descending, they do so in the natural minor form.

 

W  W W W W        W W W  W W

     Harmonic Minor scales use the following pattern of half and whole steps

 

W  W W  W+

     Chromatic Scales are made up entirely of half steps. When ascending, the scale uses sharps, when descending it uses flats.

 

Chromatic scale

     Whole Tone Scales differ from the other scales because it only has 6 tones. It uses the following pattern

 

W W W W W W

     A pentatonic Scale is a five-tone scale, which has its beginning in antiquity. There are traces of this scale in Oriental and American Indian music. This scale does not have a leading tone, which gives the scale it's unique sound. The scale has two forms. The first one uses the group of two black keys followed by three black keys. The pattern is as follows

 

W W+  W W

      The second one used the group of three black keys followed by two black keys. The pattern is as follows

 

W W W+ W

 

 

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